Diet for children – Health is a precious commodity that should be cultivated from childhood through some good practices and then have positive consequences for the future of our children. Therefore, mothers and fathers have a very delicate task: in addition to an example of a healthy lifestyle for their children, they should choose their own food choices.
But how can we be sure what we offer them is a healthy diet that needs nutrients? To clarify, we asked Professor Andrea Pession, a professor of pedagogy at the University of Bologna and the director of the Policlinico di Santo Orsola Operations Unit, what are the good features?
Diet for children: Why it’s important to follow a healthy diet
How can i help my child lose weight? “Feeding Properly – Explains Dr Pisce – The Essential Role in Development World of Person. A diet precise is that ensuring the adequate and balanced energy consumption of various nutrients contributes to the systematic growth and of the favorable psychedelic development in childhood
However, Healthy habits can not be limited only to children, which is precisely why the concept of consciousness is played. In this case, the paediatrician identifies all the nutrition education laws that were prescribed during the first years of life, which are useful later.
In fact, “children, even small ones, are able to limit the amount of energy supplied by the diet, but it’s not a balanced mix of their diet. It’s a parent education activity long-term investment Maintaining proper body weight and preventing conditions such as obesity high blood pressure, diabetes responsible for significant quality and life expectancy”.
Diet and Growth: How Does Nutrition Change
The diet of children changes and is associated with growth, which is because it depends on two factors. We can identify four age groups representing from the birth of a child to preschool age, during which these two elements have a great deal of influence on the diet, and we must pay attention do.
0-6 months of life
In the first 4.6 months of childhood, his diet is exclusively Milky. “It’s better,” says Dr. Pession, “if breast milk is supplemented with vitamin D with .” This option is determined not only by the nutritional needs of the infant, but also by the only inherent complementary capacity that makes it useless.
Between 4 and 6 Months of Life
“Including Between 4 and 6 Months of Life – Pediatrician – Only the milk, mother or formula is explained elsewhere to ensure adequate nutrition In addition, the child provides some skills, such as controlling the keeping and sitting position, which simplifies and immunizes to begin consumpt other foods other than milk.
Once at a time, and then increase the prediction of this stage, it is important to highlight it, increase the risk of aspiration and inappropriate energy supply, while the delay can lead to waste. The energy and nutrients like iron: “This result can be poor growth and problems in the skills necessary to develop solid food.
2 Years of Life
From the second year of life, the child learns to wash the glass, feed the food, effectively chew. After that, the parents can provide some solid foods, although soft or that easily fall into the mouth, split into pieces.
In preschool age, spoon and then other handicrafts, in addition to the ability to manage air defense mechanisms, can more effectively consider solid foods similar to adults, but pay attention to doses Consider: “These parts should be important”
Ultimately, it should be emphasized that during childhood, foods should not be added with salt or sugar in their first few years of life.
Essential nutrients not to be taken into account in the diet of children?
First of all, we must remember that the amount of energy supplied by a highly dependent diet, the sexual activity and physical activity of children and adults. “The percentage of nutrients it contains,” explains Dr. Psyche, “is slightly different depending on the age group, but almost represents 10-15% protein, 30% fat, and 55-60% carbohydrates. Early in childhood, there is no limit to the type of fat and cholesterol, provided that the overall values are respected.
Referring to the use of protein it is important to note that the majority should be of valuable biological resources “Usually animal products which contain a full range of essential amino acids.” Doctor Pessig then notes that most alternative sources such as pulses, seeds, Jill, seeds and vegetables with basic amino acid content are not comparable. In addition, Meat also provides high iron in the form of heme, one with more accessible bioavailability. ”
Essentially Fruits and vegetables suggested several times a day, differentiated them to ensure the correct use of vitamins and minerals for children. “It is worth mentioning, including vitamin C which promotes iron absorption.” A good solution is to use fruit juices that can cover up to 50% of your daily ration. If the products are unhealthy.
A self-explanatory question is that it represents milk milk and its derivatives. Dr. Pession helps us to become clear: “In the first year of life, you should use a mother or a special form for the moon.” The combination of both is interchangeable from the nutritional perspective. Only careful vitamin D supplements in lactating exclusively breast feeding Adding vitamin B12, If the nurse’s allow mother a vegetarian diet .
Starting from From 12 months of life The baby should also introduce cow’s milk, better if the total is initially, and then sometimes erased, also lend in this case according to section”Such not to create appetite for solid foods,” the paediatrician says. As it is important to add any animal milk with calcium and vitamin D.”
Good and bad habits: Pediatrician consultation
Good habits as parents and we can work every day to encourage good food practices, for example, in encouraging eating all meals lunch, or dinner for a moment from family sharing, in an exclusive location.
Eating with Parents is, in fact, a good thing, as shown in some recent scientific publications: The party adds: “Adaptation of child support, tools and readiness for childhood For example, is a good habit with proper diets.
In addition, considering the growth of children, it is a good practice to increase them with food intake, food choices with preparation of some simple and healthy recipes. The goal, according to the interviewee, is that through positive reinforcement in healthy choices at home, you can choose healthy foods.
Completely to avoid which, in contrast to what is said: “Spend one or more meals, a moment of food dispersed and weak Adjustment, with distractions from her distraction such as television in food for another child, food from what is presented to her, especially if not healthy, surrender to the first garbage of new foods that He thinks about cravings.
Contrary to what is thought to be a good idea encouraging experiments: “The game with food is the second year of healthy natural life, and also leaves the bottle in the second year. “We should also remember that children who were unable to have been removed due to energy needs: nutritional power is not recommended for this reason.
Snacks, snacks and drinks: Can they be put in a diet? ?
First of all, the addition of sugars should be limited to the first years of life: to be avoided in the first two years, and then to more than 5% of the total energy consumption (about 25 grams, 100 kilocalories) “In addition, the paediatrician adds that drinks should be avoided: Yes to 100% fruit juice not to everything that has been processed or sweetened.
“Even the consumption of juice – the determinant of the respondent – should still be limited as it does not provide sufficient supply of fiber and all the nutrients found in fresh fruits and often contain excessive amounts of sugar, with the risk of rot, diarrheas.
For these reasons, should ignore the use of packed snackswhich is to be replaced with fresh fruits, raw vegetables, yogurt, and other healthy alternatives.
since childhood helps it to grow sufficiently and to obtain the optimal potential of psychology. It is also necessary to maintain an appropriate body composition . “In the long run – the paediatrician ends – this reflects a person’s better overall health, low blood pressure, lower BMI, the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular complications, resulting in better quality and life expectancy.” .
To support this, for example, is an innovative and entertaining smartphone app that lets you learn how to properly eat. Thanks to the tests and the paths studied with Mickey Mouse, Donald Dock and Pippo have been studied. Have you ever come up with some playful solutions to convince your children to eat healthy foods?